Vote by mail in Texas


AUSTIN – Texas Secretary of State John Scott today released the third episode of “SOS 101”, a series of educational videos about the voting process in Texas ahead of the November 8, 2022 general election. In the new video, Secretary Scott provides an overview of voting by mail in Texas, including who is eligible to vote by mail, identification requirements for voting by mail and how county officials are working to protect the security and integrity of mail-in ballots. in an election. Secretary Scott also visits Parker County Elections Administrator Crickett Miller, who provides a step-by-step account of the county-level mail-in ballot process and offers helpful tips for Texas voters.

Texas voters who are entitled to vote by mail must provide: (1) a driver’s license, personal identification, or voter identification certificate number issued by the Texas Department of Public Safety (DPS); OR (2) the last 4 digits of their social security number on both Application for postal voting (ABBM) and postal ballot carrier envelope. As long as one of the ID numbers provided matches what is on the voter’s registration record, the ABBM and the voter’s ballot can be accepted.

“Remember that if you are eligible and plan to vote by mail, you must ensure that your request to vote by mail is received by friday october 28 at your county’s early voting clerk’s office,” Secretary Scott says in the video.

“Please take the time to carefully read the instructions your county gives you before mailing your ballot. Remember to provide an identification number, under the flap of the carrier envelope, to protect the security of your personal information.”

“When in doubt, fill in both,” recommends election administrator Crickett Miller in the video.

“In case you don’t remember the number on your voter registration record, we can use either one.”

To watch the full SOS 101 video on mail-in voting in Texas, click here or on the image below.

SOS 101: Vote by mail in Texas covers the following key topics:

To vote by mail in Texas, you must meet one of the following criteria:

  • be 65 or older on polling day;
  • Disabled;
  • Expect to give birth within three weeks before or after Election Day;
  • Absent from the county of registration during the early voting period and on election day;
  • Civilly committed under Texas Health and Safety Code Chapter 841; WHERE
  • Confined to prison, but otherwise eligible.

If you are eligible to vote by mail, you can obtain a Request to Vote by Mail (ABBM) by:

On the ABBM, you must provide AT LEAST ONE of the following in the space provided:

  • Texas driver’s license, Texas Personal Identification Number, or Texas Department of Public Safety-issued Election Identification Certificate number (NOT your voter registration VUID number); WHERE
  • The last 4 digits of your social security number

If none of these identifiers have been issued to you, you must indicate this by checking the appropriate box on the ABBM:

Your ABBM should be sent to the early voting clerk in the county where you are registered to vote. Nominations must be received (unpostmarked) no later than the last day of the nomination period.

For the November 8, 2022 General Election, the last day your ABBM can be received by your Early Poll Clerk is Friday, October 28, 2022.

You can mail your ballot request to the Early Poll Clerk by:

  • in-person delivery;
  • Ordinary mail;
  • Public or contract carrier; Where
  • Fax (if a fax machine is available to the advance poll clerk)*
  • Email (send a signed and scanned request as an email attachment to the Early Voting Clerk)*

*If you are submitting your request to vote by mail (ABBM) by fax or email, the original hard copy of the request MUST be mailed and received by the Early Voting Officer no later than the 4th business day following its initial submission.

See a list of addresses and contact information for early voting clerks in each Texas county.

Once you receive your mail-in ballot, carefully review each choice in each race or proposal to vote on, and mark your choices in accordance with the instructions on the ballot envelope.

After marking your ballot, place your ballot in the envelope marked “BULLETIN ENVELOPE” and seal the ballot envelope. This voting envelope protects the secrecy of your vote.

Next, place the ballot envelope in the carrier envelope (PDF).BEFORE SEALING THE TRANSPORT ENVELOPE, YOU MUST INCLUDE IN THE SPACE PROVIDED (PDF):

  1. The number of your driver’s license, personal identification card or voter identification certificate (EIC) issued by the Texas Department of Public Safety (DPS);
  2. The last 4 digits of your social security number; WHERE
  3. A statement that you did not receive a number described by (1) or (2) above.

Then, seal the carrier’s envelope, sign the carrier’s envelope in the space provided, and return your envelope to your county’s early voting clerk, either by mail, common or contract carrier, or in person on Election Day. at your county’s early voting clerk’s office. .

See a list of addresses and contact information for early voting clerks in each Texas county.

Deadlines for returning an absentee ballot

The advance poll clerk must receive your ballot no later than:

  • 7 p.m. on election day (Tuesday 8 November);
  • 5:00 p.m. on the first business day after election day (Wednesday, November 9) whether the ballot was postmarked before election day; WHERE
  • For military voters and U.S. citizens abroad, on the 5th day after polling day. In the next general election, on the 5th day after polling day falls on a Sunday, the deadline is therefore extended to Monday, November 14.

You can return your marked ballot in person to your advance poll clerk only while polling stations are open on Election Day. If you choose to return your ballot in person on Election Day, it must be received by an election official, you must present an acceptable form of identificationand the election official must record your name, signature, and type of ID used in a list that the official must certify.

Once you’ve mailed your ballot to your county’s early voting clerk, you can check the status of your mail-in ballot through our Ballot by mailavailable from the Texas Secretary of State websiteMy Voter Portal.’ You can also use this portal to check where your ABBM is in the process and whether your mail-in ballot was mailed by your county’s early voting clerk.

To track your ABBM and mail-in ballot, you must enter the following information:

  • First name
  • Last name
  • Date of Birth
  • The last 4 digits of your social security number
  • Your driver’s license or personal identification number from the Department of Public Safety
  • Your residential address (must appear exactly as it appears on your voter registration record. To search for the address listed on your voter registration record, use the ‘Am I registered?‘ tool)
  • Town
  • Postal code

How to fix a defect on your ABBM or carrier envelope

If you received a notice that your ABBM (PDF) or Carrier Envelope (PDF) was rejected because you did not provide an identification number or the number you provided does not match one numbers associated with your voter registration record, you can correct the defect online through the Texas Secretary of State Ballot by mail.

When you log in to Ballot by mail, you will be prompted to enter your personal identification numbers. Once your personal identification numbers have been validated by the Ballot by Mail Tracker, the ABBM or carrier envelope you previously submitted will be processed.

You have until the 6th day after polling day to correct a defect on your mail-in ballot envelopeif necessary.

If you have more specific questions about your voter registration record or the status of your ABBM or mail-in ballot, you should contact your county elections office.

5. Early Polling Station

Each county in Texas has an Early Voting Committee (EVBB), made up of appointees from all political parties. The EVBB is responsible for reviewing mail-in ballots to ensure they comply with Texas election code before they can be included in the vote count.

The EVBB consists of:

  • a presiding judge;
  • a deputy judge; and
  • at least one other member.

Each county chairman of a political party with candidates on the general election ballot is required to submit a list of names, in order of the chairman’s preference, of persons eligible to serve on the EVBB. The county electoral board must appoint at least one person from each list to serve as a member of the EVBB.

The EVBB meets before Election Day and continues to work through the deadline for mail-in ballots from military personnel and U.S. citizens overseas. The board is responsible for qualifying and processing:

  • Regular votes by mail;
  • Late ballots from service members and U.S. citizens overseas; and
  • Provisional bulletins

Learn more about the duties of the Early Voting Committee (EVBB). (PDF)

Learn more about mail-in voting in Texas.



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