Cybersecurity professionals can work in many different industries to protect sensitive data from bad actors. After gaining industry experience, they may move into leadership positions to oversee departments and develop organizational security efforts.
The next section explores common careers in cybersecurity.
Information Security Manager
Average annual salary: Approximately $184,000
Education required: Bachelor’s degree in Computer Science and Information Technology, Master’s degree often preferred
Job description: CISOs prepare, manage and assess cyber threats. These senior-level professionals oversee and implement organizations’ cybersecurity and information security efforts. CISOs, who may also go by the title of chief security officer, typically work with other executives to reduce the damage from breaches and ensure that security programs meet organizational goals.
Large employers may require CISOs to have between seven and ten years of experience in the information security and/or cybersecurity field. Many hiring managers look for candidates with a master’s degree, but more professional experience can often replace formal education.
Although certification is not required for the position, CISOs can seek relevant credentials such as Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) and Certified Information Security Manager to increase their capability. earnings and their career opportunities.
Information Security Analyst
Median annual salary: $90,000
Education required: High school diploma and experience, bachelor’s degree in computer science preferred
Job description: Information security analysts assist organizations by scanning computer systems and networks for potential breaches. They use data encryption software and firewalls to protect data and communications. These professionals set enterprise security standards and apply security best practices while keeping abreast of changes and trends in the field.
Information security analysts primarily work in computer systems design and other related occupations, as well as in the finance and insurance industries. They often work alongside computer systems analysts and network administrators, which requires strong collaboration skills.
Most employers seek to hire candidates with certifications in the field, such as CISSP. These professionals can also pursue studies as Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA), Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH), and CISSP.
Average annual salary: Approximately $153,000
Education required: Bachelor’s degree in Computer Science or related field, MBA in Information Systems Cyber Threats
Job description: Security architects plan and build secure networks for businesses and organizations. These systems can include traditional LANs and WANs, as well as modern technologies such as cloud computing. Their work also includes researching emerging networking technologies and presenting their findings to stakeholders to suggest upgrades and improvements.
These professionals use network penetration tests, or “ethical hacks,” to perform good faith intrusions to test the effectiveness of the protections in place. Security architects, like other cybersecurity workers, also assess cyberattacks and breaches to investigate damage and plan data recovery efforts.
Although security architects do not need certification, they can earn credentials such as Certified Systems Security Practitioner, Certified Cloud Security Professional, and CISSP to demonstrate their knowledge and commitment to the field.
Average annual salary: Approximately $89,000
Education required: Bachelor’s degree in cybersecurity or related field and experience
Job description: Security engineers create and oversee networks for organizations to protect sensitive information and data. They can perform vulnerability testing to find areas for improvement and implement network upgrades to protect against breaches.
These engineers establish organizational best practices, train colleagues on security measures, and ensure timely updates for network-connected devices. They also investigate cyberattacks to identify the intruder and prevent future breaches. After an intrusion, a security engineer can collect information about the attack and implement efforts to mitigate data loss and future attacks.
Like other information security and cybersecurity professionals, security engineers can increase their earning potential and competitiveness in the job market by earning certifications such as CISM or CISSP.